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True Facts: Reef Coral is a Crazy Animal!
True Facts: Reef Coral is a Crazy Animal!

Go to to get a 30-day free trial + the first 200 people will get 20% off their annual subscription. Donate: merch: patreon: classical music: sponsor music: Thank you: Daisy Buzzoni, University of Victoria Dr Brett Lewis, Queensland University of Technology: Dr Todd LaJeunesse, Pennsylvania State University Dr Jamie Craggs, Coral Spawning Lab: Dr Thibault Bouderlique, Medical University of Vienna The pufferfish shot: @bugDreamer Peter Kragh: Tidal Gardens: ReefBros: TIB Ken Marks Narrissa Spies Citations Carbonne, C., Comeau, S., Chan, P. T. W., Plichon, K., Gattuso, J.-P., and Teixidó, N.: Early life stages of a Mediterranean coral are vulnerable to ocean warming and acidification, Biogeosciences, 19, 4767–4777,, 2022. Gavelis GS, Wakeman KC, Tillmann U, Ripken C, Mitarai S, Herranz M, Özbek S, Holstein T, Keeling PJ, Leander BS. Microbial arms race: Ballistic "nematocysts" in dinoflagellates represent a new extreme in organelle complexity. Sci Adv. 2017 Mar 31;3(3):e1602552. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1602552. Kawamura, Kaz, Sekida Satoko, Nishitsuji Koki, Shoguchi Eiichi, Hisata Kanako, Fujiwara Shigeki, Satoh Noriyuki. In vitro Symbiosis of Reef-Building Coral Cells With Photosynthetic Dinoflagellates, Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol 8,2021, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.706308 Laissue, P.P., Roberson, L., Gu, Y. et al. Long-term imaging of the photosensitive, reef-building coral Acropora muricata using light-sheet illumination. Sci Rep 10, 10369 (2020). Lewis, B.M., Suggett, D.S., Prentis, P.J. et al. Cellular adaptations leading to coral fragment attachment on artificial substrates in Acropora millepora (Am-CAM). Sci Rep 12, 18431 (2022). Mullen AD, Treibitz T, Roberts PLD, Kelly ELA, Horwitz R, Smith JE, Jaffe JS. Underwater microscopy for in situ studies of benthic ecosystems. Nat Commun. 2016 Jul 12;7:12093. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12093. Musco L, Vega Fernández T, Caroselli E, Roberts JM, Badalamenti F. Protocooperation among small polyps allows the coral Astroides calycularis to prey on large jellyfish. Ecology. 2018 Oct;99(10):2400-2401. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2413. Neder M, Laissue PP, Akiva A, Akkaynak D, Albéric M, Spaeker O, Politi Y, Pinkas I, Mass T. Mineral formation in the primary polyps of pocilloporoid corals. Acta Biomater. 2019 Sep 15;96:631-645. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2019.07.016. Poon, Rebecca N., Timothy A. Westwood, Hannah Laeverenz-Schlogelhofer, Emelie Brodrick, Jamie Craggs, Eric E. Keaveny, Gáspár Jékely, Kirsty Y. Wan. Ciliary propulsion and metachronal coordination in reef coral larvae. bioRxiv 2022.09.19.508546; doi: Scucchia F, Sauer K, Zaslansky P, Mass T. Artificial Intelligence as a Tool to Study the 3D Skeletal Architecture in Newly Settled Coral Recruits: Insights into the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Coral Biomineralization. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2022; 10(3):391. Shapiro OH, Fernandez VI, Garren M, Guasto JS, Debaillon-Vesque FP, Kramarsky-Winter E, Vardi A, Stocker R. Vortical ciliary flows actively enhance mass transport in reef corals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Sep 16;111(37):13391-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1323094111.

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